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Audubon’s Californian Vulture, better known as the California Condor, plate number 426. It barely fit on the roughly 40” paper of the DEF edition of The Birds of America, which depicted each bird at its life size.
The California Condor hovers on the brink of extinction, but may be on its way back. In 1987 there were less than 25 birds. A radical conservation effort (which included capturing all wild birds) has seen the population jump back to around 400. As to whether there’s enough genetic diversity and habitat left for them, that remains to be seen.